This book examines changing Soviet and Russian press coverage of the United States from the emergence of Mikhail Gorbachev as General Secretary of the Communist Party through Boris Yeltsin's re-election as Russian President and onward to the Putin Era. Becker argues that, owing to the absence of a language to support the reform strategy, the Soviet press presented positive images of its chief ideological and military opponent, the United States, as a means of supporting political, social and economic reform. Indeed, journalists were so overcome by a desire to present a 'new America' that, if anything, the United States was idealized where it was once reviled. Becker suggests that the end of the Cold War and the emergence of a more self-confident Russia means that the symbolic and discursive significance of the United States for Russia has diminished. His conclusions come from a careful reading of the Soviet and Russian press over a ten-year period and from interviews with journalists and editors.
Much of the freedom of expression enjoyed by civilians in the United States, and guaranteed to them by the constitution, is illegal for American military personnel. Freedom of Expression in the American Military addresses the issues at the root of this First Amendment dichotomy. The author examines free expression for service members as a communications issue rather than simply an issue of military traditions and necessities. The book examines court decisions involving First Amendment rights, the literature on military communication, and models that illustrate how communication works. Then the author presents and critiques the communication model used by the military to curtail the First Amendment rights of soldiers. Among the subjects covered in this volume is an interesting comparison of the First Amendment rights of civilians and soldiers who protested U.S. involvement in Vietnam. Using such examples and analysis of both communication and First Amendment literature, the author concludes that the view of military as a separate society and the validity of the rationales used to curb military speech are only weakly supported. Thus, she concludes, no compelling proof of need exists for the degree of curtailment of expression existing in the military. The final chapter offers a revised model of military communication that allows greater freedom of expression without jeopardizing the military mission.
Patriotism is devoted love, support, and defense of one's country. The poetry contained within is patriotic and in support of our founding fathers and the military...those who take the brunt of the blame. I believe in today's society, the foundation of Patriotism may be a little stressed; but is always present therefore, to question why is not indicative of bigotry or hatred; to question why is our responsibility. This a collection of patriotic poetry from the founding fathers; to war; to ensuring the liberty we all enjoy today through maintenance of a strong belief in America and her ability to overcome adversity. I present my view of patriotism as a depiction of my belief and I believe the belief of all of us.
During the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries, the three Portuguese military orders of Christ, Santiago and Avis became that kingdom's most important institutions for rewarding services to the Crown. Membership in these military orders was highly prized as status symbols and because of the orders' "purity of blood" statutes, these knighthoods were more highly esteemed than mere patents of nobility, especially since such knighthoods automatically ennobled. Francis A. Dutra has written widely on the Portuguese military orders of Christ, Santiago and Avis - a topic generally neglected by students of early modern Portugal. This volume brings together a selection of his pioneering essays. Based extensively on archival research, they reflect his special interest in social mobility and use of the knighthoods for patronage, while particular sections focus on the role of the orders in the Portuguese maritime expansion and in India and Brazil, and on the medical profession. The collection includes English translations of four studies that originally appeared in Portuguese, as well as a detailed index, in itself a useful research tool.
Boyce provides an up-to-date reference covering all major aspects of design, operation, and maintenance. He includes technical details on sizing, plant layout, fuel selection, types of drives, and performance characteristics of all major components in a co-generation or combined-cycle power plant. Contents: Section 1: Design, theory, and practice An history and overview of centrifugal compressors Aerothermodynamics of compressors Two dimensional design of compressor stages Three dimensional flow in a centrifugal compressor Diffuser design Surge and surge control Off design performance characteristics Mechanical equipment standards An overview of steam turbines An overview of motor drives Appendices (General properties of air; general properties of gases; Equivalent units) Index Summary.
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