One of the key questions in Civil-Military Relations (CMR) theory is: under what conditions will the military intervene in the domestic politics of the nation? Most scholars agree with the theory of objective civilian control of the military, which focuses on the separation of civil and military institutions, focusing on the US case. By contrast, concordance theory offers both an institutional and cultural framework for explaining domestic military intervention, emphasizing agreement among three partners: the political elites, the military and the citizenry.
Rebecca Schiff examines four indicators of concordance:
If agreement occurs among the three partners with respect to the four indicators, domestic military intervention is less likely to occur. Here this theory is applied to six international historical cases studies: US, post-Second World War period; American Post-Revolutionary Period (1790-1800); Israel (1980-90); Argentina (1945-55); India post-Independence and 1980s; Pakistan (1958-69). Concordance theory offers a better explanation for predicting domestic military intervention than traditional theories and will be a valuable addition to the CMR literature.
The Military and Domestic Politics will be of much interest to advanced students of civil-military relations, military sociology, political science and US politics.
Since the events of September 11, 2001, many Westerners know of Afghanistan only through media reports of the area. Unfortunately, journalists and political analysts often present concepts based on stereotypes, generalizations, anachronistic judgments, and geographic misplacements in their haste to report the news. This highly focused political reference demonstrates how the social and political order in this multiethnic nation is a far more complex ecosystem than foreign observers can readily fathom. Written from an insider's perspective, this volume provides the definitive history of warfare in Afghanistan from the ancient times through the era of British conquest to the Soviet incursion and the rise of the Taliban; and finally, the subsequent invasion by the United States. Author Ali Ahmad Jalali examines the factors contributing to Afghanistan's unique military personality: a distinct geography unsuitable for large invading armies and difficult to sustain logistically; the decentralized socio-political order of self-sufficient local communities; and the variety of military institutions within its social system. Real-life examples highlight the country's indigenous culture of warfare and its tactical and strategic advantages and vulnerabilities in times of conflict.
Through actual diary entries, follow the life of an 11-13 year old military brat living in Japan during the 1990s. Explore typical teen topics (such as crushes, friends, family and the first day of school), reminisce on all things from the 1990s, and visit destinations throughout the Tokyo-area through the view of a pre-teen's diary.
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